Check an AWS EC2 Volume `/dev/xvda1` for errors
When logging in an EC2 (VM) instance may notify you that the mounted volume should be checked for errors:
*** /dev/xvda1 should be checked for errors ***
Doing so requires some manual work beyond just starting
/dev/xvda1 is mounted, so
fsck can not reasonably be run online.
And given that we instruct fsck to repair any faulty sections you should create a volume snapshot as a backup before proceeding.
sudo vim /etc/default/rcS
sudo vi /etc/fstab
LABEL=cloudimg-rootfs / ext4 defaults,discard 0 0
LABEL=cloudimg-rootfs / ext4 defaults,discard 0 1
Look for the the record for / and if the last digit is ‘0’ change it to ‘1’. The last field is fsckorder and is used by fsck to decide the order of checking disks. If the value is ‘0’ that disk is skipped.
Create /forcefsck file
sudo touch /forcefsck
shutdown -r 0
Once the machine is back online the should-be-checked-notice should not be displayed anymore.
/forcefsck is removed automatically. It was a trigger for the
fsck on boot.
The other two settings have to be reverted manually.